The art of selecting a quality fishing rod is a time-honored tradition that takes place across the country every spring. Anglers flock to sporting goods stores, weary of winter’s woes, dreaming of the first cast of the season. They pull a rod from the display and perform their tests of choice. A shake, a bend on the ground, or a dreaded “grab the tip and pull down” are what most folks use as criteria for determining their stick of choice.
never give a thought to how they’ll use it or for what. Instead, they’re
motivated by feel, price, marketing materials and large numbers after the
letters “I-M” that would seem to indicate sensitivity and/or quality.
Nothing could be further from the truth.
Here’s the first of a two part series on rod selection that’ll put the
right tool in your hand for the job at hand, no matter what price point you’re
looking to spend to.
story starts at the beginning, and for fishing rods, that discussion gets off
the ground with the terms “power” and “action.” Contrary to popular
belief, the terms are not interchangeable, and mean drastically different
things. Before you think we’re getting
bogged down into an engineering debate, know that “power” relates to the amount
of pressure it takes to impart a bend in the rod, and “action” is the part of
the blank that actually deflects. That’s a big distinction, as I’ve heard
pro after pro relate to rods as a heavy or medium action, knowing full-well
that they mean “power” here, as I’ve made the same mistake myself.
power is an easy concept to grasp, as we’re used to purchasing the appropriate
power for the species we like to target, “action” is a more abstract notion.
That is, until you look at a rod chart and see that actions start at
moderate, bending closer to the mid-section, and progress all the way to fast,
then extra-fast actions that bend far closer to the tip of the rod.
important to realize that you’ll need to understand both terms, as two medium
power rods can have completely divergent actions which will benefit drastically
different styles of angling. It’ll also help to know a bit about a few
other variables as you decipher which rod to buy, namely rod length, materials,
components, and a bit about the manufacturer you’re purchasing from. Did I mention that not all rod companies
mention the action, and there are few universal standards by which the entire
industry grades their powers and actions? We’ll make it simpler, I
with the power, knowing that your ability to impart extra leverage on larger
fish will hinge on it. Powers range from Ultra-Light, to Light, Medium
Light, Medium, Medium Heavy, and Heavy.
Choose wisely based both on the species you’re targeting, but also the
lure weight you’ll be using to target these species. If you’re angling
for a good number of species, Medium Light and Medium powers handle the largest
swath of lure designs and fish species.
you’re thinking of lure types, know that the fastest of all actions like Extra
Fast (XF) will excel when you need to move the rod minimally to set the hook
fastest. Baits like jigs that rely on extreme sensitivity and feel find
huge benefit with these XF actions, as you get to the backbone of the rod that
much more quickly on a hookset. XF actions are so often paired with the
highest end carbon fiber rods at the peak of sensitivity and price. At the opposite end of the spectrum, you’ve
got moderate actions, which most of the cheaper rods already exhibit and truly
excel for things such as crankbait fishing where you want some give to account
for the bend that the diving crankbait’s bill will impart on the rod. A
crankbait rod without the proper “give” sees you missing far more fish on
account of hooks pulling out of the mouth of the fish.
length can be a function of personal preference, height of your casting
platform, or any number of customized factors, so be sure to choose what you
like here while observing a few generalities. The trend has been towards
longer rods in the 7 foot region and longer for a number of reasons. Longer rods offer a number of advantages from
casting distance to leverage and coverage, and as rod storage in boats gets
more accommodating while rod manufacturers build increasingly lighter rods, I
don’t see this reversing itself. For that reason, I’m a big fan of
shorter rods primarily for vertical jigging, and longer rods moving longer for
most applications outside of this.
are harder to decipher, as all companies offer different marketing strategies
to endear their version to you. Most rods however are made in the same
factories, offering the same technologies branded differently for different
importers. Very few rods are vertically manufactured, offering the
customer a product that was custom made from scratch to solve a specific
fishing problem. Know that more technology, better components, and
lighter materials make for more expensive rods.
It can also make them more brittle and prone to breakage as engineers
push the limits of the goods at hand, making a solid warranty a necessity when
purchasing a high end rod.
second part of this series, I’ll offer some personal suggestions for common
species and techniques, as well as a few shopping pointers to make sure you get
the best rod for the money.